Lebanon Education

Lebanon Education and Healthcare

Education One million Lebanese are currently integrated in the state and private school system. Lebanon spends around 9.3% of its gross domestic product on this, with the private sector heavily involved. But despite the relatively high level of investment in education, Lebanon does not succeed in equipping those educated for a lot of money with […]

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Travel to Lebanon

Travel to Lebanon

Entry requirements and travel warning Current According to a decision by the Lebanese security authorities, the Lebanese embassy is currently not accepting any visa applications for the time being. To curb the spread of the respiratory disease COVID-19, an entry ban for travelers from Germany was imposed. Entry from France, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, Egypt, […]

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Lebanon Mountains

Lebanon Economic Sectors

Lebanon traditionally pursues a liberal economic policy based on free market competition, so that the importance of the state sector is relatively minor, while the private sector, which is dominated by clientele, dominates the economy. However, the country’s economy is being disrupted in its development by bureaucratism and a lack of transparency. Necessary foreign direct […]

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The Lebanese Economy

Lebanon Economy Overview Part 1

Estimated GDP: $ 89.5 billion (2018) Per capita income (purchasing power parity): 14,689 US $ (2018) Human Development Rank (HDI): 93 of 189 (2018) Proportion of poverty (less than $ 2 per day): 28% (2018) Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): 45 (World Bank estimate, 2018) Economic Transformation Index (BTI): Rank 72 of 137 (2020) Before […]

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Lebanon Crusader castle

Civil Society in Lebanon

Due to the freedom of expression and assembly guaranteed in the constitution in Article 13, Lebanese civil society is very active compared to other Arab states. According to the Lebanese Ministry of the Interior, more than 2,300 civil society associations are registered and active in various areas of society: religious organizations, human rights and women’s […]

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Lebanon Political System

Lebanon Political System

Political parties in Lebanon A characteristic of political parties in Lebanon is their relationship to the nation-state of Lebanon. Even in pre-war Lebanon there were different attitudes towards the state: The Syrian National Socialist Party (SSNP) propagated a unity of the countries Syria and Lebanon. As a counter-offer to this party, Pierre Gemayyel founded the […]

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Lebanon Foreign Policy

Lebanon Foreign Policy Part II

With the withdrawal of the Israelis, voices rose in Lebanon calling for the Syrian army to withdraw. Immediately after the withdrawal of the Israelis, the editor of the Lebanese daily an -Nahar Gebran Tueni published a public letter to Bashar al-Assad, in which he called on the Syrian president to withdraw the troops from Lebanon. […]

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Lebanon Deities

Lebanon Foreign Policy Part I

Lebanon was not only a founding member of the United Nations, the Lebanese diplomat Charles Malik, a student of Heidegger, was one of the formative personalities of the San Francisco Conference and author of essential parts of the UN Charter. As co-author and rapporteur before the UN Human Rights Commission, he wrote the Universal Declaration […]

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Lebanon Mountains 2

Lebanon in the Civil War

Lebanon on the eve of the civil war Lebanon, which had taken on a neutral role in the Middle East conflict until 1969, had, under pressure from the Arab League and after violent clashes between the Lebanese army and the underground fighters of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization), on November 3, 1969 in Cairo the […]

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Beirut - Beach Promenade

Development of Modern Lebanon

The Lebanese Republic is a country of contrasts, it connects the Orient and the Occident and has been a scene of wars and political instabilities for years. The situation in the country is worsening due to the war in Syria and the resulting interdenominational conflicts in the entire Middle East. But Lebanon is always reinventing […]

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Lebanon Beirut

Lebanon History Part II

Little Lebanon In response to the massacre of 1861, the “règlement organique” was introduced under pressure from the Europeans. Lebanon became an independent province, which was administratively subordinate to the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire and was given the name “Little Lebanon”. The province comprised the Lebanon Mountains and the coastal areas – those […]

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Approach for landing in Beirut

Lebanon History Part I

History and state Until the 11th century, most of the Lebanon Mountains, the Mediterranean coast and Syria were under the Fatimid dynasty from Cairo. This was then ousted by the crusaders. The Crusaders essentially restricted their rule to the Mediterranean coast. The hinterland was largely spared from them, even if cities like Aleppo, Damascus or […]

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Political map of Lebanon

Lebanon Overview

History & State Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Islam, Christianity – they all left their mark on Lebanon. Their influences have a lasting impact on Lebanon’s political culture. Lebanon is a country in search of its political identity. Economy & Development According to thesciencetutor, the area of Lebanon is 10,452 km². About 4.5 million people live there, […]

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Lebanese landscape

Lebanon Geography

The Lebanon is divided into four geographical landscapes divided, which, composed of a narrow coastal plain Mount Lebanon, the Bekaa Valley and the Anti-Lebanon. The coastal strip stretches along the Mediterranean Sea for 225 km and is less than 10 km wide. The foothills of the Lebanon Mountains reach as far as the Mediterranean Sea […]

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Location of Lebanon

Lebanon Current Situation

Lebanon is a diverse country with a long history, beautiful nature and many sights. It is a melting pot of Orient and Occident and yet, as a country in the Middle East, it is at the center of a conflict-ridden region. Official name: Lebanese Republic Area: 10,452 km² Residents: around 4.8 million registered residents Growth […]

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Beirut Mother of Law

Living in Lebanon

Alphabetized adults: 89.6% (2017) major religions: Islam 60%, Christianity 40% Urban population: 87.2% Life expectancy (male / female): 76.3 / 78.9 years Gender Inequality Index: 93 of 162 (2018) Number of births: 1.6 / woman (2018) Infant mortality: 9.29 / 1000 live births (2018) Lebanon – Mosaic of Religions Macrosocial structure The population of Lebanon […]

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