New Hampshire History

New Hampshire History

North America

New Hampshire is a US state. The state capital is called Concord, while Manchester is the largest city. The state has 1.3 million residents (2006).

New Hampshire is part of the New England region. It borders Quebec, Canada to the north and northwest, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Massachusetts to the south, and Vermont to the west. New Hampshire has the shortest sea coast among all of the U.S. states that are coastal states. The coast is approx. 29 km long.

The White Mountains range runs through the north central part of New Hampshire, and Mount Washington is the highest in the northeastern United States with its 1,917 m. The southwestern part of the state is flatter.

New Hampshire is the second most forested state in the United States after Maine, calculated as a percentage of the area covered by forest. The forest is i.a. emerged due to the fact that many farms have been abandoned in the 20th century. See directoryaah for museums in New Hampshire.


17th century – Various Algonquian tribes inhabited the area before European settlements. Europeans explored the area in 1600-1605 and settled in 1623. In 1631 the area of Upper Plantation included the present Dover, Durham and Stratham and in 1679 it became a royal province.

1734 – The Christian popular movement, Divine Revivals, swept through New Hampshire.

1774 – The attack on Fort William and Mary on December 14 in Portsmouth is the only battle fought in the area after the state declares its independence. It was here that Paul Revere rode to Portsmouth, to warn that the British were coming with warships to conquer the place.

1788 – New Hampshire is incorporated as the 9th State of the United States on June 21.

1805 – The first documentation for the rock shelves on Cannon Mountain in the White Mountains, named ” The Old Man of the Mountain “. the rock formation resembled from the north side, a face profile. the formation collapsed on May 3, 2003.

1808 – The capital is moved to Concord.

1809 – An explosion at Fort Constitution on Independence Day kills 14 people.

1813 – Another extensive fire near Christmas Eve, which earlier in 1802 and 1806, wiped out Portsmouth, and from the ashes the city grew anew, built of brick instead of wood. Read more here in English.

1821 – The largest hurricane (F4) to hit the state occurred in September. It left a trail half a mile wide (about 500 m), killing 6 people and wounding hundreds. Thousands became homeless. Read more here.

1853 – Franklin Pierce of Hillsboro, becomes the 14th President of the United States.

1864 – The largest wooden ship, the USS Franklin, is built in Kittery, Maine.

1865 – New Hampshire’s 18th Regiment leads Union troops to Richmond, VA during the Civil War.

1907 – MYTH: The place, later known as ” Mystery Hill ” (until 1982) and ” America’s Stonehenge ” (after 1982), was discovered by Jonathan Pattee who named it after him in the article ” History of salem, NH ” A number of hypotheses surrounding the site include that the site has been used by pre-Columbians according to pseudo-archaeologists, and that the site may be a so-called hoax. Although the place is named after Stonehenge in England, there is nothing that connects them. See a website here.

1961 – May 5, Alan B. Shepard, Jr. from Derry, the first American astronaut in space.

1961 – UFO MYTH: The American couple, Betty and Barney Hill, who lived in Portsmouth, claimed to have been kidnapped by aliens one evening on 19-20. September. The story became the first widespread alien-kidnapping incident, and became a book and bestseller by John G. Fuller in 1966 ” The Interrupted Journey ” (read here ) and a television film in 1975, ” The UFO Incident ” (see film) on youtube here ). Read the story in Danish here. Read on here.

1971 – At the age of 47, Alan Shepard takes his second spaceflight as leader of Apollo 14 (January 31-February 9), man’s third successful trip to the moon.

1986 – On January 28 dead schoolteacher and astronaut from New Hampshire, Christa McAuliffe in the Challenger disaster. The Teacher in Space project was canceled after the accident, the US space agency NASA would no longer have civilians on board the space shuttles. Only in 1990 was the project resumed with a new name ( Educator Astronaut Project ) and new criteria, one of the criteria was that the participants should be trained astronauts.

2005 – Extreme weather in the northeastern United States and New Hampshire wreaked havoc on roads and bridges, leaving more than 1,000 people evacuated, seven dead and property damage in excess of $ 15.8 million.

2008 – After George Carlin’s death on June 22, his (ash) remains were scattered in Spofford Lake.

State of emergency was declared on December 13, 2008 after an ice storm that crippled the electrical network, leaving at least 400,000 customers without power.

2010 – The smallest horse in the world, named “Einstein”, was born on April 23, and weighed with his 35 cm only barely 3 kg.

New Hampshire History