France Military and Administration

France Military and Administration

Europe

According to computerdo, France, French La France [-frã ː s], officially République Française [repy Republic Frà sε ː z], German French Republic, is a country in Western Europe (2018) 67 million residents; The capital is Paris.

In addition to the Mediterranean island of Corsica, France also includes the overseas departments and regions (Départements et Régions d’Outre-Mer) Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Mayotte and Réunion, the overseas territories (Collectivités d’outre-mer) with limited self-government French- Polynesia, Wallis-et-Futuna, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin and Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon and the overseas territory with special status (Collectivité sui generis) New Caledonia. The Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises (Adélieland, Crozet Islands, Kerguelen, Saint-Paul, Île Amsterdam) form a specially administered overseas territory; this also includes the largely uninhabited islands of Bassas da India, Europe, Juan da Nova, Tromelin and the Îles Glorieuses, which are grouped together as Îles Australes and are administered from Réunion (and claimed by Madagascar).

Military

The total strength of the volunteer army (2001 suspension of general conscription) is 229,000 soldiers, the paramilitary national gendarmerie about 100,000 men. The proportion of women is approx. 19%; Women do not serve in the Foreign Legion, on submarines or in combat units. – France continues to adhere to the principle of nuclear deterrence and accordingly guarantees the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems. The land-based component of nuclear deterrence was dismantled while the submarine and airmobile components were modernized.

The army (122,500 soldiers) comprises five regional commandos serving the purpose of territorial defense and, above all, four operational headquarters, to which different brigades can be subordinated according to the »modular principle«, depending on the order. Five armored and two mechanized infantry brigades are available in combat units; In addition, there are artillery and anti-aircraft, mountain, airborne, air, engineer and telecommunications brigades, a brigade for reconnaissance and electronic warfare as well as special forces of regimental strength. Special components of the army are the Foreign Legion, some of which are stationed abroad, and the 12,800-strong marine infantry (divided into 33 regiments).

The Air Force (49,800 soldiers) is divided into the Air Combat Brigade, the Air Mobility Brigade and the Airspace Control Brigade. Conventional fighter jets are essentially of the Mirage type. The Rafale multipurpose aircraft was introduced in 2003. The Navy (38,600 soldiers) owns a. Submarines, two aircraft carriers, as well as destroyers, frigates, patrol boats and mine attackers.

The Strategic Nuclear Forces (Force de dissuasion, formerly called Force de frappe) are composed of members of the air force, navy and gendarmerie with a total strength of 4,000 soldiers. You have 4 nuclear submarines with medium-range missiles. In addition, warplanes carry tactical nuclear cruise missiles.

Administration

Even after the Decentralization Act of 1982, the structure of the French administration is centralized. The ministers are at the head of the administration. In addition, the motherland is divided into 13 administrative regions (autonomous regional authorities) with 96 departments. Below the departmental level, there are 330 arrondissements and 4,055 cantons as administrative units.

In 1982 certain financial and administrative responsibilities were transferred from the President-appointed prefects (Préfets), who held the title of State Commissioner (Commissaire de la République) from 1982-88 and who represent central power, to the regional councils (Conseil Regional). The tasks of an executive body of the regional authorities are carried out by elected representatives (mayors, presidents of the departmental councils or regional councils) at local, departmental and regional level. The state supervision originally exercised by the prefect was abolished. The big cities of Paris, Marseille and Lyon (Métropole) have a special administrative structure. The constitutional amendment of 2003 continued the process of decentralization and gave the regions, départements and arrondissements further powers that were previously under the authority of the central authority. With effect from January 1, 2016, the number of regions was reduced from 22 to 13; at the same time, the remaining regions were given greater powers.

Administrative division in France 1)

region OZ 2) Department 3) Area (in km 2) Population (in 1,000)
Île-de-France 12 012 11 960
75 Paris 105 2 230
77 Seine-et-Marne 5 915 1 365
78 Yvelines 2 284 1 418
91 Essonne 1 804 1 254
92 Hauts-de-Seine 176 1 591
93 Seine-Saint-Denis 236 1 552
94 Val-de-Marne 245 1 354
95 Val d’Oise 1 246 1 195
Grand Est 57 433 5 552
08 Ardennes 5 229 281
10 Aube 6 004 307
51 Marne 8 162 567
52 Haute-Marne 6 211 182
54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 5 246 731
55 Meuse 6 211 192
57 Moselle 6 216 1,047
67 Bas-Rhin 4,755 1 109
68 Haut-Rhin 3 525 759
88 Vosges 5 874 372
Normandy 29 906 3 328
14th Calvados 5 548 690
27 Your 6 040 595
50 Some 5,938 500
61 Orne 6 103 289
76 Seine-Maritime 6 278 1 255
Center
(since January 16, 2015 Center-Val de Loire)
39 151 2 571
18th Cher 7 235 312
28 Eure-et-Loir 5 880 433
36 Indre 6 791 228
37 Indre-et-Loire 6 127 600
41 Loir-et-Cher 6 343 332
45 Loiret 6 775 666
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté 47 784 2,820
21 Côte-d’Or 8 763 530
25th Doubs 5 234 533
39 law 4 999 261
58 Nièvre 6 817 215
70 Haute-Saône 5 360 239
71 Saône-et-Loire 8 575 556
89 Yonne 7 427 341
90 Territoire de Belfort 609 144
Hauts-de-France 31 813 5,988
02 Aisne 7 369 540
59 North 5,743 2 596
60 Oise 5 860 815
62 Pas-de-Calais 6 671 1 465
80 Somme 6 170 572
Pays de la Loire 32 082 3 661
44 Loire-Atlantique 6 815 1 329
49 Maine-et-Loire 7 166 800
53 Mayenne 5 175 308
72 Sarthe 6 206 569
85 Vendée 6 720 656
Brittany 27 208 3 259
22nd Cotes-d’Armor 6 878 597
29 Finistère 6 733 904
35 Ille-et-Vilaine 6 775 1 020
56 Morbihan 6 823 738
Nouvelle-Aquitaine 84 060 5 844
16 Charente 5,956 353
17th Charente-Maritime 6 864 633
19th Corrèze 5 857 241
23 Creuse 5 565 121
24 Dordogne 9 060 417
33 Gironde 10,000 1 506
40 Country 9 243 397
47 Lot-et-Garonne 5 361 333
64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 7 645 664
79 Deux-Sèvres 5 999 372
86 Vienne 6,990 431
87 Haute-Vienne 5 520 376
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 69 711 7 758
01 Ain 5,762 619
03 Allier 7 340 343
07 Ardèche 5 529 320
15th Cantal 5 726 147
26th Drôme 6 530 495
38 Isère 7 431 1,235
42 Loire 4,781 757
43 Haute Loire 4,977 226
63 Puy-de-Dôme 7,970 641
69 Rhône 3 249 1,780
73 Savoie 6 028 424
74 Haute-Savoie 4,388 770
Occitanie 72 724 5 684
09 Ariège 4,890 153
11 Aude 6 139 365
12th Aveyron 8 735 278
30th Gard 5 853 733
31 Haute-Garonne 6 309 1 299
32 Gers 6 257 190
34 Herault 6 101 1 092
46 Lot 5 217 174
48 Lozère 5 167 77
65 Hautes-Pyrénées 4,464 229
66 Pyrénées-Orientales 4 116 463
81 Camouflage 5 758 382
82 Tarn-et-Garonne 3 718 250
Provence-Alpes-Cote-d’Azur 31 400 4 954
04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 6 925 162
05 Hautes-Alpes 5 549 139
06 Alpes-Maritimes 4 299 1 081
13th Bouches-du-Rhône 5 087 1 993
83 Var 5,973 1 029
84 Vaucluse 3,567 550
Corse 8 680 320
2 A Corse-du-Sud 4) 4014 149
2 B Upper Corsica 4) 4,666 171
1) Administrative structure (2013). With effect from January 1, 2016, France is now only divided into 13 regions.2) atomic number

3) The department numbers are also part of the postcodes and the official vehicle registration number.

4) Dissolved on January 1, 2018.

France Military and Administration