Russia Music

Russia Music

THE ORIGINS, POPULAR FORMS AND SACRED MUSIC The first musical manifestations of the ancient East Slavic populations, mainly devoted to agriculture, consisted of simple songs of limited melodic extension, inspired by social life and the changing of the seasons. Starting from the century. X, documents of historical value prove the birth of the byliny epos, […]

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Ireland Brief History

Ireland Brief History

According to a2zgov, Ireland is stunningly beautiful when the sun is shining! During my more than 2,000-kilometer drive on the island, I visited several of Ireland’s historic sites, beautiful natural landscapes, adorable towns and met many nice Irish people. For several evenings I listened to the emotionally charged Irish folk music and got to see […]

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U.K. History - from Blair to Johnson 2

U.K. History: from Blair to Johnson Part II

On September 18, 2014, 55.3% of the voters in Scotland voted against Scottish independence in a referendum. In the aftermath of the failed independence referendum, Prime Minister Cameron announced a far-reaching constitutional reform aimed at increasing the power of the Scottish regional parliament. Numerous British politicians had promised the Scots greater autonomy if they remained […]

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United Kingdom Arts 2

United Kingdom Arts Part II

The court portrait school itself was dominated by mediocre English and Flemish painters. The work of the miniaturists N. Hilliard and I. Oliver, on the other hand, was an original and high-level artistic manifestation. In the second half of the century England approached Renaissance architecture with a casual and somewhat crude eclecticism, which uses French […]

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United Kingdom Arts 1

United Kingdom Arts Part I

CULTURE: ART. FROM THE ROMANS TO THE NORMANS, ANGLO-SAXON ARCHITECTURE In the six centuries that go from the end of the Roman domination (ca. 400) to the Norman conquest (1066) the architectural activity was concentrated above all in the sec. VII-VIII and X-XI. Little remains of Anglo-Saxon architecture. Widespread schemes seem to have been that […]

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Switzerland Recent History

Switzerland Recent History

The renunciation of Neuchâtel by the king of Prussia (1857) eliminated an anomalous and anachronistic situation from Switzerland. Maintaining neutrality during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71 and the two world wars (1914-18 and 1939-45) both on the Swiss side and on the part of the belligerents contributed to increasing the country’s wealth: neutrality well guarded […]

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United Kingdom Arts - the Development of Architecture

United Kingdom Arts: the Development of Architecture

THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARCHITECTURE BETWEEN THE EIGHTEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES Since the eighteenth century, in connection with the development of the steel industry, a notable current of engineering architecture was born (bridges, pavilions) which used the new materials – iron and steel – for the new functions, with precociously rational aesthetic results (bridge over the […]

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Facts of Poland

Facts of Poland

Below you will find practical information about currency, tips, electricity and more in connection with trips to Poland. Language: Poland Capital: Warsaw Population: 38, 5 million. Religion: Catholicism Currency: Zloty Surface: 312,000 km2 Worth knowing Time difference Poland has the same time as Sweden, all year round. Transport in Poland During Albatro’s trips in Poland, […]

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United Kingdom Music

United Kingdom Music

CULTURE: MUSIC. FROM THE ORIGINS TO THE “ENGLISH VIRGINALISTS” The first precise information on musical activities in Great Britain dates back to the 10th century. VII, when the practice of Gregorian chant was introduced to the island. The musical evolution since then took place parallel to that which took place in the major countries of […]

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The Birth of Royal Ballet

The Birth of Royal Ballet

Two genres, masque and pantomime, can be considered the historical antecedents of English ballet. The first genre, to which authors such as Ben Johnson and John Milton contributed, experienced its moment of greatest splendor in the century. XVII when Inigo Jones, at the dawn of a career then devoted entirely to architecture, devoted himself to the creation […]

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Portugal History

Portugal History

HISTORY: FROM ITS ORIGINS TO THE MIDDLE AGES Like the other Christian states of the Iberian Peninsula, Portugal was born and established itself in the context of the centuries-old struggle for the Reconquista, that is, by waging war against Muslims. However, it was born later than the other kingdoms: and this for understandable geographical reasons, […]

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