Lebanon Deities

Lebanon Foreign Policy Part I

Lebanon was not only a founding member of the United Nations, the Lebanese diplomat Charles Malik, a student of Heidegger, was one of the formative personalities of the San Francisco Conference and author of essential parts of the UN Charter. As co-author and rapporteur before the UN Human Rights Commission, he wrote the Universal Declaration […]

Continue Reading
Lebanon Mountains 2

Lebanon in the Civil War

Lebanon on the eve of the civil war Lebanon, which had taken on a neutral role in the Middle East conflict until 1969, had, under pressure from the Arab League and after violent clashes between the Lebanese army and the underground fighters of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization), on November 3, 1969 in Cairo the […]

Continue Reading
Beirut - Beach Promenade

Development of Modern Lebanon

The Lebanese Republic is a country of contrasts, it connects the Orient and the Occident and has been a scene of wars and political instabilities for years. The situation in the country is worsening due to the war in Syria and the resulting interdenominational conflicts in the entire Middle East. But Lebanon is always reinventing […]

Continue Reading
Canada music

Canada Culture

Canada – music Canada has produced a great many successful musicians. The most successful and well-known include Bryan Adams, Paul Anka, Michael Bublé, Leonard Cohen, Celine Dion, Nelly Furtado, Avril Lavigne, Alanis Morissette, Daniel Powter and Shania Twain. As in the USA, country music is very important in Canada. The most famous country singers in […]

Continue Reading
New Zealand Flag

Facts about New Zealand

The world’s third largest island, New Zealand, is a state in Oceania. New Zealand is located in the Pacific Ocean, with the nearest country being Australia. The state consists of a North Island and a South Island, which are “connected” by a ferry crossing. Wherever you travel in New Zealand, you will be greeted by […]

Continue Reading
Los Uros Peru

Puno, Peru Travel Guide

The amazing city of Punu was founded in the year 1668, by the then viceroy with the long name; Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro. Puno used to have as long names as its founder, when it was once the capital of the Paucarcolla region. Today, the city houses 149,064 inhabitants and is an important agricultural […]

Continue Reading
Lebanon Beirut

Lebanon History Part II

Little Lebanon In response to the massacre of 1861, the “règlement organique” was introduced under pressure from the Europeans. Lebanon became an independent province, which was administratively subordinate to the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire and was given the name “Little Lebanon”. The province comprised the Lebanon Mountains and the coastal areas – those […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Education

Algeria Education and Health

Since independence, literacy has increased massively; 70% can now read and write. The enforcement of compulsory schooling for boys and girls must be seen as one of the achievements of independence. At least in the cities, compulsory schooling seems to be generally enforced and accepted (in the morning the streets are full of children on […]

Continue Reading
Approach for landing in Beirut

Lebanon History Part I

History and state Until the 11th century, most of the Lebanon Mountains, the Mediterranean coast and Syria were under the Fatimid dynasty from Cairo. This was then ousted by the crusaders. The Crusaders essentially restricted their rule to the Mediterranean coast. The hinterland was largely spared from them, even if cities like Aleppo, Damascus or […]

Continue Reading
Political map of Lebanon

Lebanon Overview

History & State Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Islam, Christianity – they all left their mark on Lebanon. Their influences have a lasting impact on Lebanon’s political culture. Lebanon is a country in search of its political identity. Economy & Development According to thesciencetutor, the area of Lebanon is 10,452 km². About 4.5 million people live there, […]

Continue Reading
Lebanese landscape

Lebanon Geography

The Lebanon is divided into four geographical landscapes divided, which, composed of a narrow coastal plain Mount Lebanon, the Bekaa Valley and the Anti-Lebanon. The coastal strip stretches along the Mediterranean Sea for 225 km and is less than 10 km wide. The foothills of the Lebanon Mountains reach as far as the Mediterranean Sea […]

Continue Reading
Location of Lebanon

Lebanon Current Situation

Lebanon is a diverse country with a long history, beautiful nature and many sights. It is a melting pot of Orient and Occident and yet, as a country in the Middle East, it is at the center of a conflict-ridden region. Official name: Lebanese Republic Area: 10,452 km² Residents: around 4.8 million registered residents Growth […]

Continue Reading
Travel to Algeria

Travel to Algeria

Currency: Algerian dinars Exchange rate: 124 per € (official, June 2016) Time zone: UTC + 1 Country code (phone): +213 Climate (for capital): Mediterranean Entry and residence regulations The entry regulations are designed in such a way that entry is not made much easier. For trips to Algeria, a fee-based visa must be applied for […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Society

Algeria Society

Proportion of literate adults: 70% Major religion: Islam (Sunni), 99% Urban population (2014): 70% Life expectancy (female / male): 73/77 years (estimated 2011) Gender Inequality Index: 85 of 155 (2014) Number of births: 2.8 per woman (2012) Infant mortality: 25/1000 live births Gender ratio The war of independence against France had called the gender roles […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Religion

Algeria Religion

Legal situation Unlike in the West, religion is firmly rooted in both Arab and Algerian identities – it evidently represents an anchor of identity; the “desacralization” of public life in Western Europe is often criticized and criticized. In Algeria, Islam is the state religion, ie the constitution defines Algeria as an Islamic country and the […]

Continue Reading
French-language Algerian literature

Algeria Culture

Ethnic diversity and heterogeneity The diversity of Algerian culture is due to the various ethnic groups that have left their mark from the past to the present. Algeria is also a country of immigration and emigration. Perhaps 4 main cultural trends can be named: an Arab-Islamic “leading culture”, which expresses itself in everyday behavior, clothing, […]

Continue Reading
Algeria's cities

Algeria Social Conditions

Algeria is divided into 48 administrative districts (Wilayas). The names of the Wilayas are based on the capital cities. In the densely populated north, the Wilaya names are often almost identical to the city limits, in the sparsely populated south, on the other hand, the area of the Wilayas is much larger and the population […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Social Structure

Algeria Social Structure

The Algerian population with currently approx. 37 million residents (depending on the source and annual reference, slightly different numbers are used) is structured very heterogeneously. The proportion of Arabs is given as 70% and that of the Berber Kabyls as 30%, but the original population is non-Arab, and the current structure is the result of […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Human Rights

Algeria Human Rights and Civil Society

Independence Day: 05 / July / 1962 Head of state: Abdel-Aziz Bouteflika Head of government: Abdekmalek Sellal Political system: Presidential republic with a multi-party system Democracy Status Index (BTI): Ranked 78 out of 129 Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 88 out of 167 According to Amnesty International, torture and ill-treatment are still used in special prisons […]

Continue Reading
Sea perspective at Bejaja

Algeria Economic Sectors

The Algerian economy is to the data available from Service sector: approx. 33% Industry and trade: approx. 54% Agriculture: Agriculture: 13% of added value. The services are broken down into state and private in a ratio of 1: 2 (private approx. 20% – eg private telephone companies, state approx. 13%, eg telecommunications). Industry is about […]

Continue Reading
Travel to Majorca

Travel to Majorca

It is no wonder that Mallorca is one of the favorite islands in the Mediterranean when people are sitting at home planning for the holidays. In addition to the sunny climate and the turquoise blue water, it is also a small cultural treasure with a rich history. The reasons why so many come here are […]

Continue Reading
Beirut Mother of Law

Living in Lebanon

Alphabetized adults: 89.6% (2017) major religions: Islam 60%, Christianity 40% Urban population: 87.2% Life expectancy (male / female): 76.3 / 78.9 years Gender Inequality Index: 93 of 162 (2018) Number of births: 1.6 / woman (2018) Infant mortality: 9.29 / 1000 live births (2018) Lebanon – Mosaic of Religions Macrosocial structure The population of Lebanon […]

Continue Reading
Algeria infrastructure

Algeria Economic Policy

In 1994, after the failure of the socialist development model from the 1970’s and 1980’s, Algeria stood on the brink. The oil crisis since 1984 led to a drop in government revenues; Algeria was insolvent and had to seek help from the International Monetary Fund. This decreed a drastic structural adjustment program: liquidation of the […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Economy

Algeria Economy Overview

Estimated GDP: US $ 219.5 billion (2014) Per capita income (purchasing power parity): US $ 13,070 Human Development Rank (HDI): Rank 85 (of 189) (2017) Proportion of poverty (national poverty line): 23% (2006) Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): 35.3 Economic Transformation Index (BTI): 70 of 129 (2014) General assessment According to ehistorylib, Algeria’s economy depends […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Foreign Policy

Algeria Foreign Policy

Algeria traditionally pursued a non-aligned foreign policy and was in the past a founding member and spokesman for the non-aligned countries of the Third World. After the end of the East-West conflict, Algeria was initially focused inwardly in the 1990’s due to the civil war between the army and Islamists and had to find a […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Press

Algeria Press and Media

Democracy, transparency, freedom of expression and free media are the exception rather than the rule in recent Algerian history, as they can call into question the rule of the regime and the elites that benefit from it. After 1988, however, the press was under pressure; numerous newspapers and magazines were founded. This variety of printed […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Islamization

Algeria Domestic politics

Rulers and power groups Army and FLN The ethnic, social and geographical heterogeneity is very great in Algeria. Therefore it is above all the institution of the army that claims to guarantee the cohesion of the country, occupies the key positions and controls the country’s resources. It drew its legitimacy from its role in the […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Elections

Algeria Elections

As a presidential republic, the presidential elections are of greatest political importance every five years. The incumbent Abdelaziz Boutaflika had opponents in 2004 and 2009, but they had no real chance against him because they did not represent any relevant political forces. According to the constitution, proportional representation applies to parliamentary elections in Algeria; the […]

Continue Reading
Algeria Political System

Algeria Political System

Form of government and constitution The 1996 constitution defines Algeria as a presidential republic. The president is elected directly by the people every five years and heads the country. The President of the Republic can be re-elected. He is the head of state, commander in chief of the army and responsible for national security. The […]

Continue Reading