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Permaculture is a science that aims at the installation of sustainable human communities.It affects many topics: housing, water, energy, agriculture, human but also the foster production, of which the vegetable is an important organs. Overview of some garden permaculture techniques!
First the heart of permaculture is the design or planning. This means that every element of your garden permaculture is thoughtfully placed having considered these needs, as well as its production. So all the work begins with a thought-out plan and a review of your goals to the garden.
Then the beneficial interrelationships between plants will be favored, the example of the three sisters, long used by the Maya is very convincing: squash, beans, but are grown together and pool their forces. Each elements take its nutrients at different depths in the basement, and some plants even fertilize their colleagues. But it will grow and serve as guardian of beans, squash, for its part, will cover the floor with its large leaves, stop evaporation and retain moisture. We will have a triple cooperation and harvest the same space.
Another frequently encountered technical in gardens in permaculture is the technique mounds of cultures. They have several advantages:
More space to grow, for the same footprint,
an increased amount of substrate to a larger root system development and impact better production,
Less effort for the gardener who fall less, water does not stagnate in the mound,
the substrate temperature is improved because the sun warms more easily and quickly ….
In these hills, the combination of cultures is essential. Some species help each other and can not endure. All organic gardening books now show how to organize companionship.
Bio-intensive gardening is also increasingly used by the permaculture garden, especially in small spaces. This is to prepare the ground by digging a double (two spade heights), about 60 cm, which allows highly aerate the soil and allow the roots to establish themselves deep in it . You should know that root Lettuce “happy” can descend to -60cm! Sowing and planting will be installed tight in this method, so really intensify the yield / space and to create a living ground cover. For this, the soil should be enriched with nutrients regularly and the recipe is a well-made compost (valid also for all what techniques!).
The compost pile should be well balanced, a layer of nitrogenous materials (green) 15cm, a layer of carbonaceous materials of 15 cm, a little rich topsoil 5cm, minerals, or plants that provide: algae, comfrey, nettle, burned bones, crushed eggshells, and try to incorporate as cow manure, horse, chicken manure etc … You can also incorporate some of his ashes for potash content, but go ahead slowly! More inputs into the compost will be diversified, the more you arm your future impact plants and by yourself, against the aggressions! Do not forget to bring the whole matter to the success of your compost, water, compost should be moist but when you squeeze a handful in your hand, it should not drop! And sure, that the humidity and the temperature remains constant (no more than 55 ° C, otherwise you will lose a lot of carbon and nitrogen in the reaction, which will not return to the ground).
Finally, another key permaculture garden is made to cover the soil with straw mulch, leaves, fragmented wood, cardboard etc … These materials will help to conserve soil moisture, protect the heavy rainfall and erosion, feed her fertility with the help of microorganisms and worms, and finally cut the arrival of light and significantly decrease the invasion of your beautiful cultures by undesirable. If you use straw, make sure it does not contain too much grain, which, otherwise, will delight rodents.
As you understand, it is not necessary to buy anything to grow your vegetables, nature has already given us everything. By following these simple principles, you will find that you will not work a lot more, you’ll save money and you will get best crops! The next step in your garden permaculture is also very important, but for another article: producing your own seeds! Go to work!