After the new rules and higher costs in the implementation of reforms (and accidents which gave rise to these regulations), the web site gathered everything you need to plan your work safely within budget.
Forget what they say about reforms that never end or spent more time or money than anticipated. By following the 5 tips in this guide, architects, engineers, mathematicians customer and to the hand labor will be more prepared to make a good reform.
Approach to reform since the project costs, through hiring professionals, rules, reports and specification of building materials.
Check out the full post with before and after pictures following reforms:
To value the property, change something urgent or leave the most beautiful environments, every reform requires a project to a greater or lesser degree.
Always start with a list of goals, preferably accompanied by a professional. To paint a wall or do simple interventions not need an expert, but the scenario is different for changes involving the electrical, hydraulic and architectural structure, which are required to be monitored, evaluated and regulated by industry professionals.
For example, an architect may charge anywhere from 7% to 25% of the value of a work, and becomes responsible for price quote, materials, budget, schedule and work supervision. Without the figure of the architect, this value can easily be spent on rework and waste, as stated by the professional Christiane Roy.
After a good conversation with the professional, it is important to establish a timetable and an action plan for reform. If the bathroom is renewed, another one to use? For how long? These questions are basic to to carry out any reform.
Also be sure that all the debris generated in the work should be disposed of properly. Therefore, a reform can not be budgeted only with cement, mortar, hand labor and coatings. There are several secondary costs with buckets, regulations and cleaning, which must be placed at the tip of the pencil.
Another very important point when it comes to reform are additional changes. Thoughts like “already breaking even” or “in the future will not have patience or money” are much raised by the customer and often run away from the original project. Despite the excitement, these changes and additions during the work usually go much more expensive than expected, and as they were not included in the planning or budget, there is no performance guarantees or cost limit.
Bureaucracy: ABNT, Condominium and Neighbors
Remember that every work that modify the structure of a building, a new room, for example, need to be registered at City Hall. Small changes such as paints, coatings exchange, new doors etc. They can be made independent of government agencies, yet are required specialized professionals are held in buildings, must notify the liquidator.
In fact, more than the Law of Silence and good living standards, reform buildings and condominiums gained a weight of responsibility: with the new ABNT (NBR 16280: 2014) “the liquidator shall respond civilly and criminally Obre what happens in your condo. The great importance that the liquidators will have as managers of buildings, as left under their responsibility, authorization or not the reforms and therefore, should the receiver be aware that such assignment, further strengthens its responsibility, including extrapolating the period of its management.”
Although the ABNT are not laws, if any accident indicating disobedience of the norm, liquidator and resident will be held accountable in court, since it is a good practice. Any change that was not foreseen in the project as glazing of balconies, change the floor, put air conditioning or a bath must be notified and where necessary, be accompanied by ART or RRT, notes and CREA responsibility records and CAU, for engineers and architects, respectively.
For the reform to be authorized in addition to the notes, the customer needs to deliver a scope of work, summary of changes, schedule, if there will be noise and even what time. Usually the working time is up to 17h, but has a limit of up to 22h to make any kind of noise. The list of companies and professionals involved in the work should also be delivered.
This is the part of the reform that requires more diplomatic dose of professional and customer. Maintaining a good relationship with those who are directly involved in the work is very important to ensure the result of a good reform. Most signings occur by the famous ‘Q.I’ Who the Indica. This system of recommendations is positive, but it is essential that the contractor identify with professional and they understand.
At this stage it is interesting to see the labor-work references contracted services of photos already made and especially the worker’s opinion on the project, indicating whether it is executable or not. Another important factor is the recognition that there is not a “handyman” in retirement, idea mainly applied to masons, and there are specialized professionals for each part of the work.
To ensure that there are no problems as ‘Mason disappeared’ or break the project, it is important to establish a contract that guarantees good service between both parties. In fact, many contracts provide a weekly payment in which the INSS should be collected by the professional. Otherwise, any accident responsible contractor.
And as quality of service is not directly proportional to the price, it is important to budget of hand labor for each part of the reform, as well as many professionals working with expiration dates.
Specification: the Choice and Purchase of Materials
The choice of any material reform is professionally called specification, in which the architect, engineer or interior designer list and luff all products involved in the project. More than cement and sand, professional calculates labor and other accessories, furniture and finishes for reform.
With all the films and ideas at hand, the professional already have a very rough estimate of project execution, calculating potential waste. So it is important to avoid spending more or less material. The professional will indicate to some extent on the shopping list of your project.
But not everything should be delegated to the professional. It is important that the client close monitoring work and stay tuned to avoid any unforeseen.
One tip is to buy the material according to each stage of the reform, so you do not accumulate unnecessary material that passes the validity or is not essential for this part of the reform, which can lead to a financial decontrol in the following phases.
Storage conditions also deserve attention. Keep your materials in a ventilated and dry temperature environment, it also saves you spend with the replacement.
To make this shopping list, many people use the website, which brings together everything you need to make your retirement in a budget that compares prices between stores throughout Brazil intelligently costs composition. Know. It free.
Costs and Payments
The tip seems obvious, but it is essential: Never plan a reform incompatible with the customer’s financial condition. It is important to keep an honest dialogue and set a maximum to be invested.Study the forms of payment and financing conditions.
Public banks such as the Federal Savings Bank and the Bank of Brazil provide credit for construction materials, which can be financed with FGTS and the Fund for Worker.
Financial consultants indicate that the debts with reforms should not exceed more than a third of the monthly rent, which prevents damage to the client and the professionals involved.
It is important that the contractor also has a reservation in the event of any unforeseen. If all form to occur as planned this guide indicates, money can become an economy.
With information examination, Pedreirão, Suyen Miranda, SOS Civil Engineer, Construction Forum, Guys, Estetic Derm, Best Supplier, Bolsa de Mulher, Magazine ZAP, Casa Linda, IG.