You know how it is made, as are born in the projects of houses developed by architects and architects in all over the world?
It may seem something simple, draw a floor plan of the house, sectorize environments, define where will be the doors and windows, to propose the structure, but it is actually a complex process that involves much more than the housing that is a house, but rather is a process of research of the relations of living of the residents, the assessment of the physical constraints, legal and environmental.
Learn in this post what are the phases of the residential project, what you need to know before designing and also check out some projects of houses ready.
The beginning of a home project
Every home project begins with a good conversation about how the client and their families live, how they relate to environments, what are their current and future needs. For example, a newly married couple who want to have children and will in the future need extra rooms in the house, so the project can anticipate these enhancements since the beginning of the design of the house.
The house family has a specific need, especially with regard to the importance of the environments, size, and spatial relationships between each room in the house.
The design of the houses has a soul, are not the only plans of houses, drawings of houses in a role, or structures empty, remember that this will be built and that you will live in this house designed by the architect.
And how long you will live in this house? The projects, mainly of houses of masonry or concrete, they last generations, you, your children, your grandchildren may live in the same house.
Therefore the design of the architecture of your house has to be good. And good architectural designs evoke feelings, stimulate the senses and provide comfort to its residents.
Each project is unique, because each house is embedded within a unique context, will be made to a unique family, your family.
So forget the project ready, or even projects online, because they will not adapt to the climate of your region will not adapt to the space that your household needs and even to the terrain that you already have, let me explain why I say this.
Because each field has parameters that establish tell you how many floors can be built, how many square feet can be built according to the size of the plot, what is the distance of the indent from the front of the terrain, clearances to the side, etc.
So that you understand better what are these parameters and even a review in the guide to the yellow and ground I have described the main parameters of zoning and land use.
Projects of Houses, Laws, and Parameters
These are the main parameters:
Occupancy rate: in summary the occupancy rate refers to the portion of the terrain that can be occupied with the building and is defined by a percentage, for example, 50%. In this case if the land has 300 m2 150 m2 can be occupied by the building.
The rate of Permeability: permeability is the portion of the land that is free to absorb the rain water, very important to prevent flooding in urban and collaborating with the maintenance of water regional, is also defined by a percentage, for example, 25%. Or, in this case, you should keep 25% of the land is permeable and the remainder will be the area occupied by the house, sidewalks, and parking areas that are not considered to be permeable.
Coefficient of Utilization: The coefficient of utilization of a land determines the total area that can be built based on the size of the plot, for example, if the coefficient is 2 and the plot has 300 m2 then you can build 600 m2, since that respected the occupancy rate.
That is, let’s say that the tx. occupancy is 50% and the coefficient of utilization is 2 on a plot of 300 m2, will occupy 150 m2 of land and to build 600 m2, or more or less spread over 4 floors.
Indent Front: The indent in front is the minimum distance, the distance that must be left between the beginning of the plot and the beginning of construction, for example, a setback of 5 metres.
Indent Side: The indent side is usually associated with the openings (doors and windows) on the side of the residence, so sometimes it is allowed to build up a wall between your lot and your neighbor’s, but is not allowed to place any door or window in this wall border. If your house plant you have windows in the side walls, you will have to comply with the indent side, for example, 2 metres recoil side.
Tested Minimum: The tested establishes the minimum area of the front of a batch, otherwise the terrain will not be a lot, but a subdivision of a batch. For example, tested a minimum of 12 metres. Usually the tested at least one batch is of 6 metres and a subdivision is not less than 2.5 metres, the area required for the passage of a car. But, everything will be in accordance with municipal legislation and established there the tab the yellow of the land.
Minimum lot: Again to set up a lot of the terrain has to have a minimum area total, for example, 360 m2. If the ground is smaller than the minimum lot established in the law this land shall be a subdivision of a batch.
Maximum height: This is the parameter more easy, it only defines what the maximum height of a building, for example, 2 floors. Another addendum is to respect the limit set by the fcc and the air force (which is the case of apartment buildings).
However, some of the municipal legislation also define what is the minimum and maximum height of a pavement, for example, the pavement may not be less than 2.2 metres and not greater than 4 metres, otherwise if the height is more than you can count as a floor.
These are the main parameters, any architect to make designs of homes will assess and draw all these constraints before setting the plant in itself from the home tab, in the yellow also has the type of construction as the street and the neighborhood, for example, the single family dwelling (house only), single family house in series (house condominium germinated or not), and other types.
There are still laws that establish the clearances of the courses d’ water (rivers, lakes, streams,…) and other environmental parameters, and the Standards in building Techniquesthat aim to improve the quality of buildings. That are knowledge of any architect. It is the obligation of the professional to know these parameters.
As some of the laws are municipal, other state, other are still national, the architects of the region will be more suitable, because they know the laws, know the climate, know the regions, the neighborhood, the culture.
And when you hire a design ready, or an architect online, it does not go to the ground to feel how it is the dynamics of the neighborhood, and the external noise, the best wind currents, how the project will be good, if anything it will be assessed?
And worse if you expect to make the design of the house without an architect, remember that you may not be able to replicate your home, or your home may not be financed, if you need to in the future sell it. But, also not to hire an architect to do your residential project implies illegal activity of the profession, or is, is a crime.
How to approve a residential project in the city
To endorse a house in the city, it is necessary that the architectural design this is according to all the laws and parameters of construction, in addition to the design of the house to be signed by a responsible technical architect or architect.
When you hire a professional architecture to design a house the delivery of the plants, cuts, elevations and perspectives of the house, will be in accordance with the phases of the project, the city hall approval is made with the delivery of the project legal.
Phases of Architectural Design
Then after evaluating the needs, do the survey of the data and constraints is that the architectural design begins to be developed, that the first drawings start are plotted and that the architect will deliver the Preliminary Study, which will be the initial proposals that will be approved or not by the client.
Are the first drawings, the first drawings in the scale which are technical drawings more easy so that the customer can understand.
Basically these are the 6 phases of the architectural design of a house.
- Survey Data and Program Needs (films and conversations with the client)
- Preliminary study (initial studies, drawings)
- Blueprint (drawings in proportion, but without detail)
- Cool design (design that goes to the approval of the city hall)
- Project Executive (project that is going to work)
- The Built (that is a memorial of construction and use for the client).
In the middle of this process of creation of an architectural project, the architect makes the compatibility with other projects in electrical, plumbing, structural, installation of systems of conditioning of air, home automation, etc. All of these projects are intrinsically linked to the architectural project.
Projects of Houses Examples
Of course, nothing prevent you from studying some plans of houses and designs to select ideas that you think nice for your home, in fact it is worth mentioning that more interested in having a home comfortable and suitable to your style is you, then it is interesting to see some designs of homes and talk with the architect who will design your home to see if there is the possibility of applying these ideas to your home project.
That was why I selected some projects of modern houses; projects of houses, projects of cottages, projects of houses germinated and the projects of country houses.
So that you can inspire you to build the home of your dreams, the way that your family deserves.
See in the gallery some of these projects.